Despite its importance to the livelihoods of millions of Africans, informal trade is not well understood on the continent. As a result, the African Union Commission (AUC) with support from the Economic Commission for Africa (ECA) and the Afreximbank established a Task Force on developing a harmonized methodology for Informal Cross-Border Trade Data Collection.
Opening a two-day hybrid meeting to review and validate the Continental Methodology for Informal Cross-Border Data Collection in Africa, Stephen Karingi, the Director of Regional Integration and Trade at the ECA said informal cross-border trade is a key feature of Africa’s trade landscape.
Research by ECA estimates ICBT to be equivalent to between 7 and 16 percent of all formal intra-African trade flows and between 30 and 72 percent of formal trade between neighbouring countries.
“Despite its significant contribution to the economy, ICBT remains largely undocumented,” Mr. Karingi said, noting that current efforts to collect data on ICBT within the continent, were largely fragmented and unsystematic. For example, definitions and methodologies used by the various countries and organizations often differ leading to challenges in comparability of available data, as well as integration into the formal trade statistics.
“True to the saying that: what is not defined cannot be measured. What is not measured, cannot be improved”, said Mr. Karingi, emphasizing that the dearth of reliable and regular data on ICBT has contributed to minimal recognition of its important role in policy frameworks.
“Accurate trade statistics are an important input into national accounts and balance of payments statistics and can also help improve econometric forecasting models for key macroeconomic variables,” said Mr. Karingi.
Zambia Statistics Agency Interim Statistician General, Mulenga Musepa, said the imperative for ICBT data collection cannot be overemphasized because understanding the scale, magnitude and characteristics of ICBT is instrumental to accurately monitoring intra-African trade.
“The challenges related to ICBT data collection notwithstanding, understanding the ICBT landscape is important for policy design as well as the development of the relevant initiatives targeted at the major trade corridors within our countries and regions,” Mr. Musepa said, highlighting that National Statistical Offices need to conduct timely ICBT data collection which should be institutionalized at the country level to ensure its sustainability.
On his part, Mr. Tapiwa Cheuka, Trade Policy Officer at the African Union Commission, speaking on behalf of Mr. Djamel Ghrib, Director of Economic Development, Tourism, Trade, Industry and Mining Department at the AUC, said that the validated ICBT methodology will be presented to the Specialized Technical Committees (STCs) on Finance, Monetary Affairs, Economic Planning and Integration in July 2023 with the anticipation for its adoption by the Heads of State and Government at the African Union Summit in 2024.
In conclusion, Anthony Coleman, Principal Economist at Afreximbank urged all present to become advocates and ambassadors of this important exercise and added that: “Partners can do so much but for the sustainable and successful implementation of the AfCFTA, governments should take ownership and allocate a budget for collecting ICBT data.”
The continental methodology for ICBT data collection was validated by experts from Regional Economic Communities, National Statistics Offices from twenty-nine AU member states, financial institutions, cross-border traders associations and academia.